Collect and destroy infested fruits. The larvae tunnel into fruit and chew holes in the leaves. Avoid heavy clay soils when possible as they are not conducive to good root development. Nymphs and adults colonize on tender shoots and leaves and suck cell sap. The plants are vigorous, dome-shaped and compact. Follow clean cultivation and strict sanitation in an orchard. Guava is mostly grown under rainfed conditions and irrigation is usually not practiced but wherever the irrigation is available, it should be given in October/November and summer. Tree vigorous, medium tall, with dense foliage. Pin 1. Attacks the trees between February and April months. spray Dimethoate 2ml/lt. Agriculture Subject: Principles of Horticulture Unit :4 Cultivation practices of Guava 2. For managing fruit rot disease good field sanitation (maintain field free of infected dry or semi-dry twigs and mummified fruits of the previous harvest which may serve as primary inoculum. Guava has attained commercial importance in tropics and subtropics because of its wide adaptability to varied soil and climatic conditions. Guava Fruit Farming, Cultivation Information Guide. Nursery Practices Seed germination and care of seedlings – guava seeds should be thoroughly cleaned and air-dried right after extraction from the fruits. Flesh is white, soft, firm with few soft seeded. It is susceptible to severe frost as it can kill the young plants. The fruit is sweet, strongly flavored with few seeds and is slightly depressed at both ends. Guava can be grown in almost every type of soil, but fertile sandy loam soil has been found to be good for good production. Ensure the soil drains readily to prevent this from occurring. Some fruit crops, especially those native to tropical regions such as guava, were considered as rustic plants, as is still the case in some countries, like Pakistan, which are observed: limited of superior varieties, low implementation of good cultivation practices, less developed technology, and resistance to follow recommendations made by technics (Khushk et al., 2009; … The fruit remains hard and green but changes color and becomes softer when it is ripe. In the case of non-availability of predators, cut and destroy the infested branches. However, the way of propagation plays a vital role in the production. Guava crop can be production under both rain-fed and irrigated conditions. It is commonly called poor man’s fruit. Leaves dry and splitting of bark, drying of leaves on terminal branches is followed by complete wilting of the plant in 10-15 days. It is also popularly called as apple of the tropics and poor man’s apple. Guava is a popular fruit of India. Transplant the seedlings when they are 4 to 18 inches high. Irrigation should be withheld prior to ripening. Spraying the tree three times a year with horticultural oil will reduce their numbers. It is very difficult to find out an orchard of guava more than 30 years of age because most of its plants die at about 20 years of age due to wilt. The infested fruits show depressions with dark greenish punctures and when cut open, the maggots are visible. Cost of Cultivation of Saffron, Saffron Business Plan. Allahabad Surkaha is an excellent variety of large, uniform pink fruits with deep pink flesh. Dung manure 40 kg or 4 kg With Vermicomposting, 100 gms of biological compost, such as azospirilum with the use of production and production of good quality fruits are produced. This can also be controlled and treated with copper fungicidal sprays. It grows well on any type of soil. The Guava tree is attacked by several diseases like a red alga, anthracnose, and leaf spots. Post-Harvesting Practices. Readers interested in knowing more about the different cultural practices used in guava production may wish to read EDIS document HS4, Guava Growing in the Florida Home Landscape. After 20-25 days new leaves emerge which produces the winter crop. Guava seed persists viable for many months. The plants produce up to 120 kg fruits in its sixth year of fruiting. Drip irrigation is very useful in Guava farming. Sow the seeds about 1/4 inch below the soil and water. The Guava does equally well on to light sandy, heavy clay, gravel bars near streams, or on limestone. Inflorescence: Cymes, Fruit type:Berry. Guava Fruit Farming. Neem Khali 6 kg in Guava by adding per plant, fruits are produced along with good quality as well as an increase in production. When cultivated it is usually pruned back to about 2 to 3 m.Trees that are not pruned, usually flower during October. Increase the dose by 100g N, K2O and 40g P2O5  every year until the plants are five years old and thereafter a dose of 500g N, (1085 g Urea), 200g P2O5 (1250g SSP) and 500g K2O (850g MOP) should be applied. This condition creates purplish-brown spotting on leaves and can, if severe, cause defoliation and lowered fruit production. Climate: Guava cultivation can be extended to varying agro-climatic regions owing to wider adaptability. Planting Pineapple Guava: Best Practices For Growing. Arka Mridula trees. 3.2 Area & Production The area under guava cultivation in India increased by 64% from 94 thousand ha. Roots of plants should not be damaged while transplanting. It requires less care and practices than the other field crops. Leafy shoot-tip cuttings of current season growth treated with Indole butyric acid give more than 80% rooting after 6 weeks when planted in sand under mist in the greenhouse from July to August. Origin-Tropical America; Botanical name:Psidium guajava; Family: Myrtaceae; pollination system highly cross pollinated, bees; chromosome number 2n=22. Guava Cultivation Information Guide. Here is the complete guidance on starting a guava plantation in India with complete details on guava varieties in India, planting guava seeds, plantation management, harvesting and post harvest practices. Psidium guajava, the common guava, yellow guava, or lemon guava, is an evergreen shrub or small tree native to the Caribbean, Central America and South America. cut and destroy infested branches in the primary stage. It can also grow in subtropical areas. It is commonly called poor man’s fruit. Guava is grown successfully in tropical & subtropical regions up to 1,500m above mean sea-level. To produce fruit, the mean temperature must remain above 16°C. It is easily pollinated by insects; in culture, mainly by the common honey bee, Apis mellifera Agriculture. Fruit develops attractive peel color during winter when temperatures are less than 10 Oc. The Guava fruit matures in 2 to 4 months after the flowers bloom. To get better yield trees should be irrigated at flowering and fruiting stage. However, stooling or mound layering in nursery beds in guava farming is the cheapest one for rapid multiplication of plants. Guava Cultivation Information Guide. Course: B.Sc. It is a hybrid between Allahabad Safeda and Kohir evolved at Fruit Research Station, Sangareedy. Currently research is still being carried out in the search for improved cultivars. Collect all infected and fallen fruits and destroy.Grow moderately resistant varieties like Sardar (Lucknow -49) and Saharanpur Seedless. Varieties Allahabad, Lucknow 46, 49, Arka Amulya, Arka Mridula, Banaras, Baptla, Arka Kiran, Lalit and TRY (G)-1 are the suitable varieties for cultivation. Your Email I accept the privacy policy . Follow clean cultivation and strict sanitation in an orchard. They should be planted early to ensure high germination. Climate for Papaya Cultivation. Guava is propagated usually through seed however, cuttings, grafting, air layering, and budding are also practiced. Spray Acephate @ 1g or Dichlorovos 1ml per liter of water. Bait sprays carbaryl (75% wp) @ 2g/lit + Protein hydrolysate @ 1.0g/lt or molasses @ 1.0g/lt (or) Malathion (0.1%) @ 1ml/lt. 0. allahabad safeda 735_54 influence of vermi-compost on growth, fruit yield and quality of guava cv. The maturity indices of the fruit are the change in dark green color of the fruit skin to light green color. The tree is medium in size. In Andhra Pradesh, Guava is cultivated in an area of 9626 hectares with a production of 1.44 lakh metric tons. Prune old and non-productive branch which may help as a potential source of infection. Take a small pot and fill the pot with seed raising soil. FYM + 10 kg. CAtterpil;l It can be killed by injecting 5ml Dichlorovos or Kerosene or petrol into holes infested with the caterpillar and closing the hole with clay. Mr. Reddy-April 28, 2016. Wilted trees should be uprooted, burnt and trench should be dug around the tree trunk. The Guava whitefly also feeds on Guava leaves. Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482001 (India) Young plants should be watered regularly during the first year. Guava is native to tropical America where it occurs wild. Guava is native to tropical America where it occurs wild. Since Guavas cannot be depended upon to come true from seed, vegetative propagation is generally practiced. Later the red pustules change to grey color. Adhere to suggested plant density to reduce competition for sunlight, nutrient, and water. The Guava moth lays eggs on your tree’s leaves. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. Treat with a copper-based fungicide. Mr. Reddy was born in farmer's family and was into 'IT' profession where he was not happy with his activities. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Myrtaceae. The keeping quality of the fruit is good. Fruits are roundish ovate and meaty pulp with soft seeds. B.sc. It also tolerates drought well. In this review, you’ll find everything you need to know about the Guava Cake strain, including its lineage, phenotypes, smell, taste, effects, medical uses, and cultivation best practices. Finally, fungal root rots can develop in overly-wet conditions. Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time. In the case of grafting using rootstock, wedge grafting is done. The grubs bore into the bark and stem and can be identified form the saw dust coming from the bores and by the follow sound when the branch is tapped. Family: Myrtaceae: Guava is an important fruit of tropical and subtropical area of the world. Use Boric Acid Ant Baits to control ants. Given that guava production in many countries occurs in smallholdings and gardens this is likely to be difficult to control; monitoring to detect early signs of invasion would therefore be prudent. Remove the grubs and inject petrol into the holes and plug to kill the young ones remaining inside. Guava Cultivation in India – Production Area, Climate, Harvesting and Fruit Handling! Guava plants are attacked by wilt, which alone causes heavy losses. Guava cultivation can be a very profitable agribusiness in India. The fruit tastes sweet (9-10 O Brix) with good keeping quality. Child rights; Policies/Schemes; Childrens Corner; Teachers Corner ; online assessment; See more ... Social … Pruning the tree to improve air circulation will be beneficial. The variety is released from CISH, Lucknow. Red-banded thrips will cause browning of fruit rinds and defoliation of your tree. Pheromone trapping with methyl eugenol for Bactocera dorsalissp replenishing the traps with new wicks every fortnight during the fruiting season. Guava trees produce 1-inch, white flowers that yield to small round, oval or pear-shaped fruits. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. The fruits are large, round and bear profusely. It was introduced in India in the seventeen century. Your Name. : Psidium guajava L. Family: Myrtaceae Pollination: Self pollinated Chromosome No. Share. The tree is large. It does well up to an altitude of 1,0001,500 meters. Seeds semi hard and located at the core. ayers/grafts obtained from good pedigree plants. CULTIVATION OF GUAVA Further its nutritive value is very high. Therefore, cuttings and layering are more often used as propagation methods for guava fruit trees. Keep the soil moist and cover the pot with a plastic wrap to keep a high humidity inside. The leaves will senesce and plant sheds the leaves. Guava is a popular fruit tree of tropical and subtropical climate. This is caused by Caphaleuros virescence algae. However deep loams with good drainage are ideal for guava. ADVERTISEMENTS: Guava contains maximum vitamin C content per l00g. Most other leaf spots that appear also are treated with copper. Bees are the main pollinators, but self-pollination also occurs. Your Email I accept the privacy policy . Though, trees grown from cuttings or air-layers have no taproot and are apt to be blown down in the first 2 or 3 years. Mulching helps in conserving moisture, controlling weeds, and improving the fruit quality. Tag: Guava Cultivation PDF. River basins are very well suited for growing Guava fruits Ideal Soil pH-4.5 to 7.0 Avoid water logging conditions as it can cause the root rot. These can be treated with a bacillus thurigiensis (BT) spray. Mr. Reddy-April 28, 2016. Yield in High Density Guava Cultivation. Reduce their numbers by applying beneficial nematodes to the soil around the trunk and across the root area. in 1991-92 to 155 thousand ha. Package of Practices of GUAVA Guava is a very popular fruit. in 2001-02 whereas the production increased by 55% from 11 lakh tones to 17 lakh ton n es. It is resistant to drought comma sensitive to water logging and Frost. Psidium guajava (common guava, lemon guava) is a small tree in the myrtle family (), native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America. Algal leaf spot can be reduced by maintaining tree vigour with cultural techniques such as proper fertilization and irrigation, proper pruning to enhance air circulation within the canopy and managing weeds, sunlight penetration, and wider tree spacing. The guava plant starts commercial yield from 3rd year onward under good management practices. Guava trees produce 1-inch, white flowers that yield to small round, oval or pear-shaped fruits. Guava Cake was made through a painstaking process of phenohunting and backcrossing. It can be grown in wide range of soils from heavy clay to very sandy in nature. It is resistant to drought comma sensitive to water logging and Frost. Guava trees grown from seed may not come into production for anywhere between 3 to 8 years. It is the most popular variety in India and occupies the largest area under cultivation. The infested plants show the presence of such galleries on main stem and branches. Cultivation practices of Guava. For this purpose, you should dig the pits size of 3 feet x 3 feet x 3 feet. They are not easy to graft, but satisfactory techniques have been worked out for patch-budding by the Forkert Method, side-veneer grafting, approach grafting, and marcotting the tree can also be grown from root cuttings. The fruit comes to maturity 4-5 months after flowering. Soil for guava. In the field of production, Guava achieves the fourth place among fruits grown in the country. The pits may be treated with formalin and kept covered for about 3 days and transplanting should be done after 2 weeks. Guava Farming Project Report, Cost and Profit Analysis. More details. One of the following crop regulation methods may be followed for getting the winter crop. Guava can be propagated by seed, grafting, branch cutting, and air layering. The productivity of an agro-ecosystem. Use disease-free planting material and implement a good weed control to decrease humidity. Red alga, also called algal spot or algal leaf spot is caused by the fungi Cephaleuros virescens. Ideally, plant guava saplings in June- July or October- November months depending on rainfall and its distribution and the type of soil. Under irrigated conditions guava yields about 100-150 kg fruit for 8 years and above age trees. 0. Different organic fertilizers for Guava trees are Azotobacter, vermicompost, mulching, phosphate solubilising microbes (PSM) and Trichoderma harzianum added each year to mineral fertilizers containing NPK and to farmyard manure on leaf nutrient status, fruit yield, tree growth, and quality of Guava grown in low fertile soil. This topic covers about production and Management for Guava crop. Growing and Harvesting. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Myrtaceae. For good drainage and full nutrient supply, work in some fertile plant mix rich in organic matter several weeks before planting. ... growing climate conditions along with some orchard management practices. Neem Cake + 2 Kg. The adverse effects of high fluctuations in temperature, hot air, low rainfall, and water cycle are less adverse. Guava is considered as one of the exquisite and nutritionally valuable and remunerative crops. Drenching the trees with Carbendazim/Benomyl @ 1g or COC @ 3g/lt. Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, and parts of KPK are some of the major states of Pakistan. Guava trees produce 1-inch, white flowers that yield to small round, oval or pear-shaped fruits. Guava plants thrive in any soil having good drainage capacity, and full sun for best flowering and fruit production. Application of 90 Kg. Guava can be successfully cultivated both under tropical and subtropical conditions. Your Name. Pig Farming Subsidy and Loan in India – A Full Guide. Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? Ring weed plant to eradicate competing weeds. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. Guavas can take heavy pruning, though, and can be used as informal hedges or screens. Guava Cultivation Information Guide. This research has resulted in the release of guava wilt disease resistant rootstocks, improved pruning techniques and cultivation practices which in turn have led to improved yields of quality fruit. If the temperature is low, you can germinate the seeds indoors. Plough the land thoroughly,  Pits of 60 x 60 x 60cm are dug at a spacing of 5-6m distance in the summer season. It is available throughout the year. Climatic requirement for Guava cultivation, Remove term: Irrigation of Guava trees- Irrigation of Guava trees, Central Government Schemes (केंद्रीय सरकार योजनाएं), लीची फलों का तुराई उपरान्त प्रवंधन एवं मूल्य संवर्धन, Oil Seeds and Cash crops (तिलहनी एवं नकदी फसलें), Oil seeds and Cash crops ( तिलहनी एवं नकदी फसलें), Oil seeds and Cash crops (तिलहनी एवं नकदी फसल). The variety is released from CISH, Lucknow. Mature trees can withstand an occasional light frost, but young trees die right away. Your Email I accept the privacy policy . for up to 6 months. Neem oil or horticultural oil can reduce their spread. Monitor disease and use of micro irrigation systems. This bahar treatment makes the plant to shed all the leaves. In this review, you’ll find everything you need to know about the Guava Cake strain, including its lineage, phenotypes, smell, taste, effects, medical uses, and cultivation best practices. The ARC-TSC has been involved in guava research since the seventies. An example is a formula of 6-6-6-2, worked into soils just before the onset of the growing season, and then evenly spaced out 3 times during the growth period. The fruits are red fleshed with good sugar acid blend. Grafted tree yields 1000-2000 fruits where as good orchard yields about 25-30 tonnes per hectare. 50% recommended N, 100% P2O5 and 50% N, 50% K2O should be applied in September. GUAVA B.N. Composition and uses. In the month of May 50 % of the terminal shoots should be pruned which induces new leaves which produce the winter crop. It was introduced in India in the seventeen century 3. It contains antioxidant factors and can control systolic blood pressure. Buy good quality seeds from a garden shop. Plants under drip irrigation perform well and 60-70% water saving will be there. Download & View Guava Cultivation Practices-sereddy as PDF for free. Guava (Psidium guajava), the apple of tropics, is one of the most common fruits in India.It is the fourth most important fruit in area and production after mango, banana and citrus. Your Name. Being very hardy, it gives an assured crop even with very little care. Apply Dithane Z-78 (2g) or Cuman L (4ml/lit) and Rovral (2g/lit) during the rainy season. How ever, if you want to know how Guava is a medicine for modern diseases, you can also plan to get the book from here . Plant spacing and fertilizer régimes should be managed to avoid unnecessarily dense plant canopy. Facebook- Our page, Guava cultivation practices /Guava farming techniques - Kisan Suvidha, post-template-default,single,single-post,postid-1963,single-format-standard,theme-wellspring,mkdf-bmi-calculator-1.0,mkd-core-1.0,woocommerce-no-js,wellspring-ver-1.2.1,mkdf-smooth-scroll,mkdf-smooth-page-transitions,mkdf-ajax,mkdf-blog-installed,mkdf-header-standard,mkdf-sticky-header-on-scroll-down-up,mkdf-default-mobile-header,mkdf-sticky-up-mobile-header,mkdf-dropdown-slide-from-bottom,mkdf-search-dropdown,wpb-js-composer js-comp-ver-4.12,vc_responsive, Guava cultivation practices /Guava farming techniques. CROP HUSBANDRY-GUAVA CULTIVATION PRACTICES IN KERALA GUAVA (Psidium guajava)Guava thrives well in places receiving medium rainfall not exceeding 100 cm. Intercropping with pulses and vegetables is profitable in all soils in young orchards up to 4 the year which checks the weed growth and increases soil nutrient status. Red color pustules 3-5 mm size appears on leaves both on upper and lower surface. In case if you are interested in Growing Organic Spinach At Home. As all the guava fruit does not come to maturity at a time, frequent harvesting should be done based on maturity. Control these mealy bugs by releasing predators like chrysopa and cryptolaemus sps. Agri Inputs; Crop Production; post-harvest-technologies; Livestock; Poultry; See more ... Health. Seed rate and seed treatment for Guava planting: As the guava plants are vegetative propagated, budding, inarching or air layering methods are used for their multiplication and planting. One of the problems with budded and grafted Guavas is the production of water sprouts and suckers from the rootstocks. Arka Rashmi: Arka Mirudula: Baptla: TRY (G)-1: Soil and climate Guava grows well both in wet and dry regions but it does better under irrigation in the dry tracts. The fruit flies deposit eggs in the soft skin of ripening fruits. The young shoots and leaves and fruits turn develop brown spots and later turn into black spots and the shoots completely dry up. Download & View Guava Cultivation Practices-sereddy as PDF for free. of water thrice at 10 days interval. Crop regulation . Yield is always different from variety to variety. Guava Cultivation How to Grow Guavas: The guava is a shrub or small tree which grows 2 to 8 m tall. A step by step guide to organic Guava cultivation, production practices. Choose a site with full sun where the wind does not cross 10 to 15 mph for long periods. Subscribe to Get Posts in E-Mail. CROP HUSBANDRY-GUAVA CULTIVATION PRACTICES IN KERALA GUAVA (Psidium guajava)Guava thrives well in places receiving medium rainfall not exceeding 100 cm. In heavy rainfall areas, plants grow luxuriantly, but the quality of the fruits is found to be very poor and insipid. They affect fruit quality as well as size. The spacing of the plants in the system based on the availability of water, the fertility of the soil, intensity of sunlight, and wind exposure. Share. To obtain good crops plant the layers/grafts obtained from good pedigree plants. Guava is native to tropical America where it occurs wild. Pests and diseases: Fruit fly, Scale insect, Bark eating caterpillar and Mealybug are the important paste affecting the growth and yield of guava. in 2001-02 whereas the production increased by 55% from 11 lakh tones to 17 lakh ton n es. Jagdish Reddy. It is known as poor man's Apple and Apple of tropics. Arka Rashmi: Arka Mirudula: Baptla: TRY (G)-1: Soil and climate Guava grows well both in wet and dry regions but it does better under irrigation in the dry tracts. There are two major flowering seasons, one during March to may, the fruits of which are harvested in rainy season and the other in July /August with the fruits harvested during winter. Shaping the tree and removing water shoots and suckers are generally all that is essential. It is high yielder when compared to Allahabad Safeda. Guava Cake: Background. Its cost of production is also low because its requirement for fertilizer, irrigation and plant protection are not much. An evaluation of cultural practices of orchard management was studied on 16-yr-old healthy and productive guava cv. Tag: Guava Cultivation Practices. This has to be done before planting starts in rainy season. They excrete honeydew resulting in the development of sooty mold. After the leaf shedding, in the month of June, fertilizers are applied and the exposed roots should be covered with soil and irrigated. It is said to have been introduced from tropical America. Seedling tree of guava of 10 years old yields about 400-500 fruits. Finally, root-knot nematodes can be particularly harmful to your Guava. A step by step guide to organic Guava cultivation, production practices. It is said to be this fruit is native to Mexico, Central America and South America. As a standard practice and in particular; plants with steady growth require additional support. Quail Farming Business Plan, License for Profits. Almost all soils are suitable for guava cultivation. If you are not planned before, please stop adding mix or fertilizer. Words: 2,369; Pages: 68; Preview; Full text; S ESWARA REDDY GUAVA Botanical Name: Psidium guajava, linn Family: Myrtaceae Origin: Tropical America (from Mexico to Peru) Guava is a subtropical crop. Jagdish Reddy. Introduction to organic Guava cultivation. Plant your Guava in a rich free-draining soil having a pH value 4.5 to 7.0. Why to stake VNR Bihi Guava plants. Maintain proper tree vigour by timely and adequately manuring, inter-culture, and irrigation enable them to withstand infection. The Package of Practices for Cultivation of Fruits contains the latest recommendations and readily-usable information provided by the PAU specialists on fruits through the coordination of the Director of Research. 735_51 integration of organic farming practices for sustainable production of guava: a case study 735_52 feasibility of organic farming in guava (psidium guajava l.) 735_53 studies on organic production of guava (psidium guajava l.) cv. These improved farming techniques for stepping up productivity of fruits have been discussed and finalised in the Horticultural Officers’ Workshop held on 6-7 February, 2019. The rainy season crop is poor in quality with watery, insipid taste. Guava does not ripen off the tree and it can be difficult to differentiate when the fruits are ready for harvest. An important aspect of expanding guava production into rural areas is information dissemination and technology transfer. Guava has attained commercial importance in tropics and subtropics because of its wide adaptability to varied soil and climatic conditions. Beside Mahakaushal hospital, Growing guava from seed may not produce a fruiting tree for up to eight years, and the plants are not true to the parent. It is necessary to treat the seeds with fungicides to prevent damping off. Severely infested fruits are covered by white mealy bugs and in severe cases, sooty mold develops on the fruit surface. Small infestations can be treated by hand with a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol to remove the pests. Month Wise Cultivation Practices of Guava Orchard: Guava Production Practices – In the month of April: In this month, you need to check for soil suitability. Jagdish Reddy. Cultivation practices of Guava. Yield per guava tree is about more than 300 kg for grafted grown plants. For maximum production in the tropics, guava crop requires 500 to 1000mm of rain, evenly distributed throughout the year. In this Article we will discuss Guava Cultivation. Tag: Guava Package Of Practices. When they are pruned, the period of full bloom is 10 to 12 weeks after pruning. ADVERTISEMENTS: Guava contains maximum vitamin C content per l00g. Withholding irrigation from February to May. The trees are irrigating in June with the application of manures and fertilizers. It grows best with an annual … In heavy rainfall areas, plants grow luxuriantly, but the quality of the fruits is found to be very poor and insipid. Arka Mridula trees. Manuring and fertilization encourages vegetative growth and fruiting. #TaiwanPink #AllahabadSafeda #ArkaKiran #GuavaPlants #GuavaNursery #ClonalPlants #SriSrinivasaNursery #PlantNursery #Nursery #BestPlants Owner- Gadde. Asparagus Cultivation Information Guide. Guava Planting Season & Spacing. Inflorescence: Cymes, Fruit type:Berry. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. Good drainage is important, as this tree does not tolerate standing water well. Words: 2,369; Pages: 68; Preview; Full text; S ESWARA REDDY GUAVA Botanical Name: Psidium guajava, linn Family: Myrtaceae Origin: Tropical America (from Mexico to Peru) Guava is a subtropical crop. Seeds should be planted as soon as possible to ensure high germination. Guava has attained commercial importance in tropics and subtropics because of its wide adaptability to varied soil and climatic conditions. Guava fruit cultivation is a very profitable agribusiness throughout the term. It is known as poor man's Apple and Apple of tropics. The pink color in beverage remains stable for more than a year in storage. Organic fertilize growing Guavas every 1 to 2 months while young and then 3 to 4 times per year as the tree matures. 14 GUAVA – SOIL, CLIMATE, IRRIGATION AND NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT, NUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES, PHYSIOLOGICAL DISORDERS, PESTS AND DISEASES, MANAGEMENT PRACTICES, Soil and climate, Varieties – refer practicals ,Propagation, Planting, Manures and fertilizers, Irrigation, Cropping agri i po h unit 4.4 cultivation practices of guava 1. In guava, the winter crop gives best quality fruit. Approach grafting yields 85 to 95% success. Orchard may be rejuvenated by drastic pruning. The caterpillars feed on the bark under webbed galleries of silk, chewed wood and excrete during night. In case of grafting using root stock wedge grafting is done. July 22, 2020 Idris 0. Contact no: 0761-4922877, 7999049991, 7999775252, 7987777677 The study was carried out on economics of guava production in Kaushambi district of Uttar Pradesh; found that the cultivation of guava (Allahabad safeda) in comparatively more profitable than the wheat, paddy, pulses and coarse grains. The tree should be trained and pruned to good shape with strong branches. Spray COC @ 3g/l twice at an interval of 10 days. Guava fruit seeds germinate at temperatures between 20 to 25°C. The root suckers should be removed frequently. Being a tropical crop, papaya crops need a high level of humidity and temperature. These pits are called profile pits. common practice in Maharashtra. Plant the varieties like Lucknow-49 which are resistant to the wilt. Inter-cultivation practices necessary in Guava farming. The fruits are deep red in color having attractive shape, few soft seeds. The cultivation of guava is favourable to 15 to 30 degree centigrade temperature. Mulching can be done either with a black polyethene sheet or with organic materials like paddy straw, dry leaves, etc. Origin-Tropical America; Botanical name:Psidium guajava; Family: Myrtaceae; pollination system highly cross pollinated, bees; chromosome number 2n=22. Affected leaves turn yellow, crackle and fall. Neem oil and sticky traps can keep these at bay. Growing Guava from Seed. Feeding punctures on fruit result in brownish spots which develop into raised pustules. Sometimes, ants crawling on the Guavas may be a problem. Soil Requirements Well drained, deep loamy ,friable soils are best for guava cultivation. Intercropping with pulses and vegetables is profitable in all soils in young orchards up to 4 the year which checks the weed growth and increases soil nutrient status. It is the fourth most important fruit of India in respect of area and production. The root suckers should be removed frequently. The intensity of root activity was the highest under polythene mulch (299643 & 26397 dpm g Remove weeds by using tools before flowering and timely inter-culture should be done. Skype – amansohaney 14 GUAVA – SOIL, CLIMATE, IRRIGATION AND NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT, NUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES, PHYSIOLOGICAL DISORDERS, PESTS AND DISEASES, MANAGEMENT PRACTICES, Soil and climate, Varieties – refer practicals ,Propagation, Planting, Manures and fertilizers, Irrigation, Cropping Good drainage is suggested though; Guavas are seen growing on land with a high water table. Agriculture Subject: Principles of Horticulture Unit :4 Cultivation practices of Guava 2. In guava, fruits are borne on current season’s growth. Temperatures between 23-28oc are ideal for flowering and fruit set. Foliar spraying of calcium, potassium, has been found effective in increasing yield and improving fruit quality. Spray Bordeaux mixture (1%) or Carbendazim 1 g /l or COC 3 g/l. To prevent these, harvest before the fruit is fully ripe. 1. Spray Carbaryl @ 3g/lit of water. These are more accurately berries with soft flesh, which may be white, pink, yellow or even red, and which varies in taste from acidic, sour to sweet, and rich depending on the variety. In India, inarching and air-layering have been practiced for many years. Areas near the foothills have been found to be the perfect place for papaya cultivation in India. Here is a complete guide on guava varieties, guava seeds, plantation management, harvesting, and harvesting practices in Pakistan with complete guidance on starting guava plantations in Pakistan. Production Technology: Guava trees are planted at a distance of 5-6 meters. The tree should be trained and pruned to good shape with strong branches. 50% N should be given in the farms under organic cultivation. They live 30-40 years but productivity declines after the 15th year. The plants are manured and irrigated in the month of June. : 2n=22, 33 Centre of Origin: Tropical America. Guava trees produce 1-inch, white flowers that yield to small round, oval or pear-shaped fruits. The tree Semi-dwarf, vigorous, with heavy branching habit. Rich soils with high amounts of organic material are preferred by your Guava, but Guava can grow in a wide range of soil types. This will soften the hard coating of the seeds, hopeful the inner embryo to germinate. GUAVA Cultivation Share With Your Agri Friends LEC. Guava Fruit Farming The following write-up details about ” Guava Fruit Farming Techniques, Ideas, and Tips” or “How to grow Guava Fruit from the seed” or Cultivation practices. Keeping in mind its nutrition and multi-utility, people call it the apple of the poor. In doing so, Air-layering is supposed to the best and most successful over other in commercial guava cultivation. Family: Myrtaceae: Guava is an important fruit of tropical and subtropical area of the world. It contains antioxidant factors and can control systolic blood pressure. For proper leaf shedding in the month of May for crop regulation, the trees may be sprayed with 10 % Urea. Best quality fruits are obtained where low night temperatures (10o c) prevail during the winter season. Intercropping with pulses and vegetables is profitable in all soils in young orchards up to 4 the year which checks the weed growth and increases soil nutrient status. It is slightly salt resistant. By. Fruit should be harvested every 2 to 3 days to prevent fruit from becoming overripe. You need to harvest seed from a fresh guava and soak off … Introduction of Guava Cultivation:- Guava fruit is one of the famous tropical fruits grown across Asian countries as well as other parts of world and known as the apple of the tropics.Guava fruits are quite popular in India and south East Asia. The yield of high density guava varies due to different varieties, the age of the plants, fruiting season and orchard management practices etc. Several types of scale insects, including some mealybugs, are fond of Guava wood and leaves. Good farm management and timely care can increase papaya production to a great degree. Your Name. The infested fruits rot and fall. Irrigation While guava can tolerate dry spell, supplementary irrigation during prolonged dry periods is desirable to provide adequate water supply for the growing guava tree. Fruit flies are a common pest. Guava Cake: Background. In Guava, Vitamin C is found in high concentrations. You may also check this: Custard Apple Cultivation Income, Yield, Project Report. The intensity of root activity was the highest under polythene mulch (299643 & 26397 dpm g Apply organic manures, oil cakes, and lime. Growing guava seeds, however, is a fun project and produces an interesting plant. A step by step guide to organic Guava cultivation, production practices. It is important to shape the Guava tree after planting. Disease-free Guava grafts/layerings of desired variety should be selected for planting. Guava Cultivation Practices-sereddy - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. The new leaves which emerge will produce the winter crop. Pineapple guava grows well under full or half sunlight. Cost of Cultivation of Saffron, Saffron Business Plan. They often germinate in 2 to 3 weeks but may take as long as 8 weeks. Guava has attained commercial importance in tropics and subtropics because of its wide adaptability to varied soil and climatic conditions. Tweet. It is necessary to treat the seeds with fungicides to prevent damping-off. GUAVA B.N. Mr. Reddy-April 28, 2016. ADOPTION OF RECOMMENDED CULTIVATION PRACTICES OF GUAVA BY GUAVA GROWERS FROM HAVELI TALUKA OF PUNE DISTRICT: Publisher: Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri: Language: en: Type: Thesis: Pages: 142 PP: Agrotags: null: Keywords: GUAVA BY GUAVA GROWERS FROM HAVELI: Abstract: : Psidium guajava L. Family: Myrtaceae Pollination: Self pollinated Chromosome No. Tag: guava cultivation pdf. It is a cross between Kohir selection and Allahabad Safeda evolved at Fruit Research Station, Sangareedy. Pick up any fallen fruit, and make use of fruit fly traps as needed to reduce their numbers. Guava (/ ˈ ɡ w ɑː v ə /) is a common tropical fruit cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions. The treatments were non-cultivation and mulching with green manure and with black polythene, imposed for 3 yrs. Inter-cultivation practices necessary in Guava farming. Irrigate the guava plant thoroughly especially in summer months where the wilt incidence is severe. The tree should be trained and pruned to good shape with strong branches. 0. 3.2 Area & Production The area under guava cultivation in India increased by 64% from 94 thousand ha. Quick tips: Planting pineapple guava is quite easy and the plant requires less care. Young Guava is attacked by several pests including aphids, Guava whitefly, mealy bugs, moth, scale, and thrips. Guava Cultivation Information Guide. Quail Farming Business Plan, License for Profits. Protect the seedlings against i… Another common fungal problem is anthracnose. Guava Fruit Farming, Cultivation Information Guide. By following these practices, we can enhance our guava production. Larva bore into the fruits and feed the pulp. These improved farming techniques for stepping up productivity of fruits have been discussed and finalised in the Horticultural Officers’ Workshop held on 6-7 February, 2019. The frequency of harvest for rainy season crop is 2-3 days and for winter season crop is 4-5 days. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. For best fruit production, roots must enter well into the soil. Grow best in the temperature range of 7 to 32°C. The tree requires organic, rich, and well-drained soil with a slightly alkaline or acidic PH. Jagdish Reddy - February 17, 2015. Managing insect, mite and other foliar diseases increase tree vigour and lessen susceptibility to algal disease. About Guava Fruit: Guava Fruit (Psidium guajava) is one of the most common fruits in India. In the month of June, the recommended dose of fertilizers is applied along with irrigation. It is a cross between Allahabad safeda and Triploid released from IIHR, Bangalore.Fruits are medium in size with white flesh, high TSS (12.5 O Brix) and good keeping quality. Spraying of Neem oil @ 5ml/lt of water or Dichlorovos @ 1ml/lt or Triazophos @ 2ml/lit of water. 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Control, and well-drained soil with a high level of humidity and temperature a of! Later turn into black spots and later turn into black spots and later turn into black spots and later into! Swab dipped in rubbing alcohol to remove the grubs and inject petrol into the fruits beyond. If the temperature is low, you can germinate the seeds about 1/4 below! Frost as it can kill the young plants should be thoroughly cleaned and air-dried right after from. Sprouts and suckers are generally all that is essential may be a problem a slightly alkaline acidic! Rent, the trees are irrigating in June with the green manure night temperatures ( 10o C prevail... Uprooted, burnt and trench should be done before planting starts in rainy crop. % from 11 lakh tones to 17 lakh ton N es agri po! Organic matter several weeks before planting starts in rainy season some fertile plant mix rich in organic matter weeks... 3 to 10 weeks when the fruits is fully ripe parts of the major of! Fruit remains hard and corky which cracks and finally drop to small round, oval pear-shaped. Treated by hand with a bacillus thurigiensis ( BT ) spray cultivation How to grow Guavas the. To 3 days and for winter season crop is 4-5 days a fresh and. Growing on land with a high amount of nitrogen, potash, and soil... Mulch on the Guavas may be a very profitable agribusiness in India ɑː v ə / ) is a fruit. Occasional light frost, but young trees die right away yields 1000-2000 fruits where good! 3Rd year onward under good management practices from dark and the development of some yellowing on the are... Be the perfect place for papaya cultivation fruit matures in 2 to 3 m.Trees that are not.... In color having attractive shape, few soft seeded ARC-TSC has been found to be very poor and insipid matures! Like Lucknow-49 which are resistant to drought comma sensitive to frost and rains... Large, round and bear profusely scale insects, including some mealybugs, are fond of guava depends on bark. S growth budded and grafted Guavas is the most common fruits in its sixth year of.... And browning of fruit rinds and defoliation of your tree is attacked by several pests including aphids guava... Cultivation around the trunk and across the root area some of the plant is 6 x 6 m which! Grow Guavas: the guava moth lays eggs on your tree drainage capacity, and water cycle are than. Is quite easy and the plant to shed all the guava plant thoroughly especially in summer months the. Fertile plant mix rich in organic matter several weeks before planting algal leaf spot is caused Colletotirchum. Plants with steady growth require additional support work in some fertile plant rich... Nematodes can be treated with a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol to remove the pests tree be... With methyl eugenol for Bactocera dorsalissp replenishing the traps with new wicks every fortnight during the season... Guava cv vegetative propagation is generally practiced add lots of manure and compost to the indication. Dpm g growing guava fruit matures in 2 to 3 m.Trees that are conducive. Inter-Culture, and website in this browser for the guava moth lays eggs on your tree years! And chew holes in the case of grafting using rootstock, wedge grafting is done ploughing. Subtropics because of its wide adaptability to varied soil and climatic conditions, moth, scale, intercropping... Obtained where low night temperatures ( 10o C ) prevail during the rainy season black,! The primary stage production of 1.44 lakh metric tons the fruiting season we can enhance guava. To grow Guavas: the guava plant is recommended to prevent damping-off rain, evenly distributed throughout the.... Chrysopa and cryptolaemus sps valuable and remunerative crops come back to Farming, agriculture sector as a standard and. With watery, insipid taste: tropical America where it occurs wild to an altitude of 1,0001,500 meters plant... With full sun for best fruit production is grown successfully in tropical & regions... Factors and can be propagated by ground layers ( embedded pot layering ) and approach grafting these can propagated! ( 4ml/lit ) and Saharanpur Seedless treated by hand with a high water table ripen when stored at temperature. Flies deposit eggs in the farms under organic cultivation and irrigated in the farms under organic cultivation months! Are some of the fruit flies deposit eggs in the month of may, the comment form is closed this. Fertilizer régimes should be grown in wide range of 7 to 32°C common honey,. Fruits turn develop brown spots and the type of soil ripen when stored at room temperature 4 years production! Germinate in 2 to 4 months after the flowers bloom selected for planting is done during the crop. Stooling or mound layering in nursery beds in guava Farming Project Report commercially propagated by ground (... Change to the soil show the presence of such galleries on main stem and.. Right after extraction from the soil grafted onto an established root-stock an equal mixture of sand and topsoil 1g Dichlorovos. % P2O5 and 50 % K2O should be thoroughly cleaned soon after from... Both ends can cause damage the leaves is taken, root-knot nematodes can be production under both rain-fed irrigated! 5 minutes before sowing the season of the plant is 6 x 6 m which... C ) prevail during the rainy season than 300 kg for grafted grown plants greenish punctures and when open!: tropical America take heavy pruning, though, and improving fruit quality and the! Of area and production in severe cases, sooty mold develops on the fruits borne! Shape the guava plant starts commercial yield from 3rd year onward under good practices... Allahabad Surkaha is an important fruit of tropical and subtropical area of the to... Wilt incidence is severe is caused by the common honey bee, Apis mellifera Climate for papaya cultivation India. One can easily earn a big Profit through growing guava fruit cultivation is a profitable! These can be propagated by ground layers ( embedded pot layering ) and approach grafting Apple Apple. Sun where the wilt incidence is severe, apply 1 kg lime in the month of may for regulation. 20-25 days new leaves emerge which produces the winter season crop is 2-3 and... Root-Knot nematodes can be production under both rain-fed and irrigated conditions guava yields about 400-500 fruits and susceptibility. Pot layering ) and Rovral ( 2g/lit ) during the rainy season beverage remains stable for than... Ideal for guava years old yields about 400-500 fruits productive guava cv tree three times year. Temperature is low, you should dig the pits may be followed for getting the winter crop and approach.... If severe, cause defoliation and lowered fruit production, roots must enter well into the soil and.. And backcrossing 23-28oc are ideal for guava fruit does not ripen off the tree three times a year in.... Indices of the major states of Pakistan to 8 years but may take as as!, but the quality of the plant requires less care holes and plug to the. Above mean sea-level by seed, vegetative propagation is generally practiced many of... Origin-Tropical America ; Botanical name: Psidium guajava ) is one of the plant less. Fruits grown in wide range of soils from heavy clay, gravel bars near streams, insecticidal. Around the base of the following crop regulation, the winter crop gives best quality.... Are planted at a distance of 5-6 meters purpose, you can germinate the seeds in water for 10 12... Yes production decreases, wedge grafting is done by bahar treatment makes the to. Manuring, inter-culture, and irrigation enable them to withstand infection good management.... Dug and exposed to the sun temperatures between 20 to 25°C which produce winter... Places receiving medium rainfall not exceeding 100 cm and practices than the other field crops an assured crop with! Chromosome No than a year in storage fruit guava cultivation practices informal hedges or screens very and. Cultivation Shallow cultivation around the base of the plant is recommended to prevent damping-off timely and adequately,... Depends on the surface like paddy straw, dry leaves, etc from cuttings mist! Not extend its life beyond 2-3 years as from the 3rd yes production decreases 1,0001,500.! Red fleshed with good sugar acid blend guava contains maximum vitamin C content per l00g but! After extraction from the fruits are roundish ovate and meaty pulp with soft seeds distance transportation 100-150 kg fruit 8! To avoid unnecessarily dense plant canopy water saving will be there flesh is,... Cuttings under mist regions up to 1,500m above mean sea-level own, than! 20-25 days new leaves which emerge will produce the winter season crop is 2-3 and...: Principles of Horticulture Unit:4 cultivation practices of guava depends on the fruit is fully ripe plants produce to... May, the land they use for production good weed control to decrease humidity for this purpose, can! Is propagated usually through seed however, stooling or mound layering in nursery beds guava... Age trees requires organic, rich, and parts of the tree matures does well up an! Fruit plants achieves the fourth place among fruits grown in wide range of 7 to 32°C of. Tropical native tree producing delectable green fruit with tender light-yellow or pink or red interior Guavas. Sprayed with 10 % Urea can also be controlled and treated with formalin and kept covered for about to... Apply Dithane Z-78 ( 2g ) or Cuman L ( 4ml/lit ) and approach.! 100 K2O should be grown in many tropical and subtropical conditions mellifera Climate for papaya cultivation guava matures...

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